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   Table of Contents - Current issue
Coverpage
January-April 2021
Volume 2 | Issue 1
Page Nos. 1-18

Online since Tuesday, March 9, 2021

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Genetics in public health p. 1
Shilpa Rai, Gunjan Kumar, Vinay Suresan, Alok Kumar Sethi, Vidya Bhushan
DOI:10.4103/jpcdoh.jpcdoh_8_21  
Genetics is considered a branch of science dealing with the study of heredity and variation in genes and genotype. A hybrid subspecialty of genetics and public health has come up in recent years. Public health genetics involves the application of genetics and molecular biotechnology in the improvement of community health and disease prevention. The Centers for Disease Control developed a framework comprising four essential public health functions and three critical issues associated with individual function. This review aims to highlight the integration of discoveries in genetic into public health. Scientific approach is required to study the impact of genetic discoveries on community health. Judicious assessment of the utility of genetic tests and development of standards and guidelines for reassuring superior genetic testing are critical steps in the process. Strong public health leadership to develop, implement, and evaluate disease intervention strategies is required for utilizing the advances in genetics for disease prevention. The critical issues that affect each function are partnerships and coordination; ethical, legal, and social issues; and education and training. An integrated and comprehensive scheme is required for the control of genetic diseases. Public health professionals shall help evolve, study, and propagate the scientific knowledge that would serve as a guide for public health action.
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Effective teaching methodologies in dental education during the COVID-19 pandemic: A brief review p. 4
Tarun Vyas
DOI:10.4103/jpcdoh.jpcdoh_9_21  
The coronavirus (COVID-19), which evokes diverse response methods worldwide, has challenged health professionals and dentists. This article would explore possibilities for the effects of the epidemic on dental instruction and its methodologies. This is carried out by a detailed review of the literature available on the related aspects of the field. Although the COVID-19 pandemic has caused many problems in clinical dentistry, the opportunity to modernize methods is given to dental educators and adequate pedagogy with the use of modern technology concepts and online networking and the use of learning. In addition, the COVID-19 crisis revealed a significant underestimation of the role of e-oral health education and services facilities and advanced technologies, as well as teledentistry.
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Biomarkers in saliva as diagnostic tool in early diagnosis of oral submucous fibrosis p. 8
Yagnaseni Mandal, Kunal Jha, Avinash Jnaneswar
DOI:10.4103/jpcdoh.jpcdoh_9_20  
The potentially malignant lesions of oral cavity pose a sensitive challenge to the public health status. The risk is considerably high of malignant transformation of oral submucous fibrosis (OSMF) into oral cancer. The more rapidly they get diagnosed early, the better it is for public oral health. The need of the hour is to put into general practice the minimally invasive and noninvasive procedures of diagnostics for these lesions. Salivary biomarkers are recently advanced diagnostic tools fit for the requirement. With more researches and developments in technology, they are becoming a fast and with ease both patient and clinician-friendly choice and also medically appropriate. High expectations are that salivary biomarkers become sole noninvasive and exact method of diagnosing premalignant disorders such as OSMF.
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Herbs used in dentistry: Need of the new era p. 11
Samikshya Jena, Gunjan Kumar, Dhirendra Kumar Singh, Alok Kumar Sethi
DOI:10.4103/jpcdoh.jpcdoh_7_20  
In India, the medical system is developed in terms of “Ayurveda.” It is an unconventional medicinal system developed in India many years ago, now being practiced as alternative medicine worldwide. The understanding of medicinal plants has been gathered for hundreds of years, based on different curative methods such as Ayurveda, Unani, and Siddha. The field of dentistry has also started making use of the medicinal properties of herbal plants for the purpose of relieving dental pain, periodontal problems, and canker sores. Antiseptics, antibacterial, antimicrobial, antifungal, antioxidant, antiviral, and analgesic agents derived from plants are of extensive interest in dentistry. Herbal plant extracts are also available in many forms which can be utilized. As the herbal medicines do not cause addiction or allergic reactions, they can be used for a long time with properly prescribed dosage and time. However, some of the herbal plants may also cause some side effects to the human population.
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Community outreach, COVID-19, and challenges p. 14
Suranjana Jonak Hazarika, Priyanka Brahma, Avinash Jnaneswar, Kunal Jha
DOI:10.4103/jpcdoh.jpcdoh_10_20  
The COVID-19 pandemic has brought about a major challenge to health systems across the world. With this dental outreach, programs play a very crucial role in raising community awareness through health education and dental services. In developing countries like India, access to oral health care is poor in rural areas. People need to be motivated for participation in outreach activities and avail the services. Initiatives should be taken up to raise awareness regarding maintenance of good oral hygiene by using antimicrobial mouthwashes and visiting the dentist at regular intervals.
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Internet addiction among youth: A glimpse p. 16
Payal Dash, Gunjan Kumar, Vinay Suresan, Shishirendu Ghosal
DOI:10.4103/jpcdoh.jpcdoh_8_20  
Playing digital games or spending most of the time online has become a common leisure activity for both adolescents and the youth in the today's era. The Internet has helped a large number of people by providing them with unlimited knowledge and entertainment. However, it has also made them addicted toward it. And most importantly, there has been an incredible rise in the usage of Internet in India in the recent years which has negatively affected the mental well-being and the sleep quality of its users. This review describes briefly the prevalence of Internet use among youth and its aspect during the COVID-19 pandemic.
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