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   Table of Contents - Current issue
Coverpage
September-December 2020
Volume 1 | Issue 1
Page Nos. 1-22

Online since Thursday, December 31, 2020

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EDITORIAL  

Call for dialogue: Primary care, dentistry, oral medicine, and public health p. 1
Raman Kumar
DOI:10.4103/jpcdoh.jpcdoh_11_20  
The Journal of Primary Care Dentistry and Oral Health has been established with the aim of promoting interdisciplinary research within an academic domain that is of paramount significance but often neglected the most. Poor oro-dental health leads not only to considerable morbidity but also costs to individuals, community, and governments in economic terms. The primary care setting uniquely offers the opportunity to deliver oral health care to the population as part of a comprehensive health-care package. The editorial team of the journal welcomes all primary care, dental and oral health, and public health professionals to support this unique area of human need through their scholastic work.
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REVIEW ARTICLES Top

Are dentists suicide prone? The current scenario p. 3
Gunjan Kumar, Payal Dash
DOI:10.4103/jpcdoh.jpcdoh_5_20  
There is a widely discussed belief that dentist are at a high risk for suicide. Since 1960, dental journal have been carrying articles with headline like “The suicidal professions.” While this claim is often accepted without question, there are little reliable data that support the alleged risk and on the contrary few data even suggest the opposite. In India, few cases of suicide among dental student have been reported, but not much data are available. This paper aims at presenting a review of literature related to this complex issue and it shows that occupation is not a major predictor of suicide and it does not explain about why person commit suicide.
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Role of curcumin as an antioxidant p. 8
Tarun Vyas
DOI:10.4103/jpcdoh.jpcdoh_1_20  
In recent years, there is an upsurge in the areas related to newer developments in prevention of diseases, especially the role of free radicals and antioxidants; free radicals are unstable chemicals formed in the body during normal metabolism or exposure to environmental toxins such as pollutants in air, food, and water. Curcumin combined with enhancing agents provides multiple health benefits. Most of these benefits can be attributed to its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects. Ingesting curcumin by itself does not lead to the associated health benefits due to its poor bioavailability, which appears to be primarily due to poor absorption, rapid metabolism, and rapid elimination. There are several components that can increase bioavailability. The purpose of this review is to provide a brief overview of the plethora of research regarding the health benefits of curcumin.
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ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE Top

Internet addiction and its psychosocial impact on urban adolescents of Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh p. 12
Rahul Srivastava, Devina Pradhan, Lokesh Sharma, Bhuvan Jyoti, Omveer Singh
DOI:10.4103/jpcdoh.jpcdoh_4_20  
Background: Internet addiction is defined as any online-related, compulsive behavior which interferes with normal living and causes severe stress on family, friends, loved ones, and one's work environment. The adolescents are most vulnerable to the numerous addictive temptations offered by the Internet during the transition phase. The present study aims to evaluate the prevalence of Internet addiction in adolescents of urban areas of Kanpur district and assess the association of Internet addiction with stress, anxiety, and depression. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among students of higher secondary schools/colleges in the urban areas of Kanpur district in Uttar Pradesh. Out of 105 colleges, 10%, i.e., 10 colleges, were selected randomly and a total of 900 students were enrolled in the study. A pretested, predesigned questionnaire, Young's Internet Addiction Scale, and Depression Anxiety Stress Scales 21 were used in the study. Data distribution was assessed for normality using the Shapiro–Wilk test. Categorical data were compared using the Chi-square test. All values were considered statistically significant for a value of P ≤ 0.05. Results: Majority (61.1%) of the respondents were females, and the mean age was 17.20 years. The prevalence of Internet addiction was 89.78%. The main purpose of using Internet was social networking (54.89%), followed by online gaming/gambling (19.67%) and study (12.89%). About 60.44% of the respondents used Internet for 3–6 h/day and 28.67% of the respondents used Internet for <3 h/day. There was a significant association between Internet addiction and stress (odds ratio = 33.55), depression (odds ratio = 0.99), and anxiety (odds ratio = 5.25). Conclusion: Internet addiction is a much quieter problem, and as such, it may be more readily disregarded or not even recognized as a problem. As parents and caregivers, understanding how to differentiate between normal Internet use and compulsive use is critically important.
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CASE REPORTS Top

Endodontic management of mandibular second premolar with three canals p. 16
Payal Jain, Shubham Jain, Deepali Jain, Prashant Purandhar Shetty
DOI:10.4103/jpcdoh.jpcdoh_3_20  
Knowledge of root canal morphology has been a complex and utmost important issue regarding the planning and implementation of root canal therapy. In addition to having adequate knowledge on periapical radiographs from different angles, careful examination of pulp chamber floor and the use of technological advances are also salient factors that contribute to the diagnosis of additional roots and canals. The occurrence of three canals with three separate (Type V, Vertucci) foramina in mandibular premolars is very rare. This article reports and discusses the treatment for an atypical occurrence of three canals with three separate foramina in the mandibular second premolar.
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Reattachment an immediate esthetic protocol p. 19
Pradeep Bapna, Darshit Jain, Barkha Udhani, Prashant Purandhar Shetty
DOI:10.4103/jpcdoh.jpcdoh_2_20  
The immediate fragment reattachment is a conservative treatment which allows the restoration of the original dental anatomy thus rehabilitating function and esthetics in a shortest time available. Dentists are confronted with managing dental trauma and restoring fractured teeth on a regular basis. Hence, the technique that speed and simplify treatment, restore esthetics and improve long-term success rate are therefore of potential value and should be considered. Fracture reattachment possess challenging conservative and economically viable procedure within a single visit. This article discusses fragment reattachment technique and presents clinical case of coronal fracture involving enamel, dentin, and pulp.
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