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 Table of Contents  
REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 11-13

Herbs used in dentistry: Need of the new era


1 Department of Public Health Dentistry, Kalinga Institute of Dental Sciences, KIIT Deemed to be University, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
2 Department of Periodontics and Oral Implantology, Kalinga Institute of Dental Sciences, KIIT Deemed to be University, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
3 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Kalinga Institute of Dental Sciences, KIIT Deemed to be University, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India

Date of Submission16-Dec-2020
Date of Decision05-Feb-2021
Date of Acceptance07-Feb-2021
Date of Web Publication9-Mar-2021

Correspondence Address:
Samikshya Jena
MDS, Department of Public Health Dentistry, Kalinga Istitute of Dental Sciences,Campus-5, KIIT Deemed to be University, Patia, Bhubaneswar, Odisha
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jpcdoh.jpcdoh_7_20

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  Abstract 


In India, the medical system is developed in terms of “Ayurveda.” It is an unconventional medicinal system developed in India many years ago, now being practiced as alternative medicine worldwide. The understanding of medicinal plants has been gathered for hundreds of years, based on different curative methods such as Ayurveda, Unani, and Siddha. The field of dentistry has also started making use of the medicinal properties of herbal plants for the purpose of relieving dental pain, periodontal problems, and canker sores. Antiseptics, antibacterial, antimicrobial, antifungal, antioxidant, antiviral, and analgesic agents derived from plants are of extensive interest in dentistry. Herbal plant extracts are also available in many forms which can be utilized. As the herbal medicines do not cause addiction or allergic reactions, they can be used for a long time with properly prescribed dosage and time. However, some of the herbal plants may also cause some side effects to the human population.

Keywords: Antibacterial, dentistry, health care, herbal plant, lethal


How to cite this article:
Jena S, Kumar G, Singh DK, Sethi AK. Herbs used in dentistry: Need of the new era. J Prim Care Dent Oral Health 2021;2:11-3

How to cite this URL:
Jena S, Kumar G, Singh DK, Sethi AK. Herbs used in dentistry: Need of the new era. J Prim Care Dent Oral Health [serial online] 2021 [cited 2021 Jun 23];2:11-3. Available from: http://www.jpcdoh.org/text.asp?2021/2/1/11/310944




  Introduction Top


In India, the medical system is developed in terms of “Ayurveda” which merges the Sanskrit word “Ayur” (life) and “Veda” (Science of knowledge). The written sources of the classical books are known as “The Vedas.” Srila Vyasadeva wrote down the Vedas for the first time, which include a branch called the Ayurveda. Ayurveda originated over 5000 years ago in the Himalaya.[1] Ayurveda means maintaining a proper balance with nature. It is an unconventional medicinal system developed in India many years ago, now being practiced as alternative medicine worldwide. This is one of the earliest systems of medicine and is a rich reservoir for dentistry.[2] The purpose of Ayurvedic medicines was to harmonize and maintain the body, mind, and spirit. This equilibrium is believed to lead the good spirit and prevent illness.[1] The understanding of medicinal plants has been gathered for hundreds of years, based on many medicinal methods of prevention from diseases such as Ayurveda, Unani, and Siddha.[3] The body structure is divided based on the predominance of any of three physical humors (dosha). Inconsistency in any one of these doshas regulates health maintenance in Ayurveda and dental health.[4] Many herbs and medicated plants in Ayurveda are used as an adjunct for oral health care, which has shown to be safe and fruitful through ages. The field of dentistry has also started utilizing herbal properties for the purpose of relieving tooth pain, periodontal problems, and canker sores.[5] However, it is of great importance to understand the interactivity of the plant extracts with the body and other medications, as many of these extracts have anti-inflammatory effects and prevent bleeding, which is important in dental treatment. Antiseptics, antibacterial, antimicrobial, antifungal, antioxidant, antiviral, and analgesic agents derived from the plants are of widespread interest in dentistry.[6]

According to the World Health Organization, over three-quarter of the world's population rely on herbal plants for primary health-care needs. Herbs are used as antibacterial agents as they pierce and destroy the cell walls of both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria causing the demolition of the bacterial cells.[7] Due to the advantageous properties of herbal products such as antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, astringents, anesthetic, and anticariogenic effect, dentistry has noticed the track of these herbal products in the form of toothpastes, mouthwashes, root canal irrigants, storage media for avulsed tooth, tooth whiteners, etc.[8] Hence, the objective of this review is to showcase some current examples of conventional medicinal plant extracts or phytochemicals that demonstrates the significance of herbal plants in dentistry.[9]


  Herbs Used in Dentistry Top


Herbal treatments have been used worldwide, it is mostly used in the treatment of numerous illness in both developed as well as developing nations. Even though at this time only very few herbs have been accepted for their therapeutic effects, a huge bulk of naturally existing herbs are considered as dietary additives because of the absence of randomized controlled clinical trials. At present, several studies are being conducted to know the detail about the herbs. The uses of different herbs in dentistry are listed in [Table 1].
Table 1: Uses of different herbs in dentistry

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  Forms of Herbal Products that Can be Used in Dentistry Top


Herbal plants are available in various forms in the market so that they can be utilized easily. Different forms of herbal products are listed in [Table 2].
Table 2: Different forms of herbal products that can be used in dentistry

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  Toxicity Top


Toxicity refers to the relative ability of a substance to cause adverse effects in living organisms. Herbal products have the potential to cause unexpected bleeding in patients undergoing surgery.[17],[18],[19] It may also cause gastrointestinal disturbances, allergic reactions, fatigue, dizziness, confusion, dry mouth, and photosensitivity. Medicinal plants contain bioactive compounds which demonstrate both intra- and interspecies variation in type and content. Several plants used in conventional medicine or used as dietary uptake have illustrated some harmful (mutagenic and carcinogenic) effects. However, some of the lethal plants are helpful to humans as medicines and also as pesticides, for example, Datura (tropane alkaloids), Digitalis (cardiac glycosides), and Pyrethrum (pyrethrin insecticides). Similarly, Momordica charantia, a well-known antidiabetic and antimalarial plant which is used in Ghana as an abortifacient, has apparently caused life-threatening hypoglycemia in children.[20],[21],[22],[23]


  Recommendation of Herbal Medicine in Dentistry Top


India is a country with a wide variety of vegetation, which has a massive medicinal value. Many of the plants are yet to be explored in the future times. In the recent era, Ayurveda is been promoted for its health benefits and less toxicity. Easy availability of natural resources is also a prime factor to uplift the herbal medicines in the recent time scenario. Different studies are being conducted to know about the health beneficial properties of edible plants. Focus is made on the fact that the plants are easily available and consumable so that the medicines are affordable and availability is easier for all groups of communities.


  Conclusion Top


Herbal extracts have been used in dentistry for reducing inflammation, as antimicrobial plaque agents, for preventing the release of histamine, and as antiseptics, mouthwashes, toothpastes, antioxidants, antimicrobials, antifungals, antiulceratives, antibacterials, antivirals, and analgesics. Many herbal plants also have anticarcinogenic effects. As the herbal medicines do not cause addiction or allergic reactions, they can be used for a long time with properly prescribed dosage and time. Therefore, proper knowledge is required for prescribing it. Thus, it was rightly stated by Robin Rose Bennet, “Mother earth's medicine chest is full of healing herbs of incomparable worth.”

Financial support and sponsorship

Nil.

Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.



 
  References Top

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Gupta R, Ingle NA, Kaur N, Yadav P, Ingle E, Charania Z. Ayurveda in dentistry: A review. J Int Oral Health 2015;7:141-3.  Back to cited text no. 1
    
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Digra R, Rao NC, Gupta N, Shelja V. Ayurvedic herbs in dentisty: Learn how to manage oral health and tooth decay with these modest herbs? J Orofac Res 2014;4:41-5.  Back to cited text no. 4
    
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Ashu Agbor M, Naidoo S. Ethnomedicinal plants used by traditional healers to treat oral health problems in Cameroon. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 2015;2015:1-10.  Back to cited text no. 7
    
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Subhash AV, Suneela S, Anuradha CH, Bhavani SN, Srnivas MB. The role of Aloe vera in various fields of medicine and dentistry. J Orofac Sci 2014;6:5-9.  Back to cited text no. 8
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Buggapati L. Herbs in dentistry. Int J Pharm Sci Invent 2016;5:7-12.  Back to cited text no. 9
    
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Haffajee AD, Yaskell T, Socransky SS. Antimicrobial effectiveness of an herbal mouthrinse compared with an essential oil and a chlorhexidine mouthrinse. J Am Dent Assoc 2008;139:606-11.  Back to cited text no. 10
    
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Lee HE, Shin JA, Jeong JH, Jeon JG, Lee MN, Cho SD. Anticancer activity of Ashwagandha against human head and neck cancer cell lines. J Oral Pathol Med 2016;45:193-201.  Back to cited text no. 11
    
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Sinha DJ, Sinha AA. Natural medicaments in dentistry. AYU 2014;35:113-8.  Back to cited text no. 12
[PUBMED]  [Full text]  
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Umadevi M, Kumar KP, Bhowmik D, Duraivel S. Traditionally used anticancer herbs in India. J Med Plant Res 2013;1:56-74.  Back to cited text no. 13
    
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Ramisetty SD, Reddy SV, Puneeth HK. Role of herbs and their uses in dentistry. Int J Sci Study 2013;1:112-20.  Back to cited text no. 14
    
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Kuru P. Tamarindus indica and its health related effects. Asian Pac J Trop Biomed 2014;4:676-81.  Back to cited text no. 15
    
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Utispan K, Niyomtham N, Yingyongnarongkul BE, Koontongkaew S. Ethanolic extract of Ocimum sanctum leaves reduced invasion and matrix metalloproteinase activity of head and neck cancer cell lines. Asian Pacific J of Cancer Prev 2020;2:368-9.  Back to cited text no. 16
    
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Mensah ML, Komlaga G, Forkuo AD, Firempong C, Anning AA, Dickson RA. Toxicity and Safety Implications of Herbal Medicines Used in Africa 2019.  Back to cited text no. 18
    
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Herbs Used in De...
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